Self Determination: What I learned on the Subway at 2am

With the recent celebration of Kwanzaa, I am reinvigorated with hope as I learn to internalize the principles each day offered. I couldn’t help but place special emphasis on the principle Kujichagulia (Self Determination) which means, “To define ourselves, name ourselves, create for ourselves, and speak for ourselves in order to stand up for ourselves.”

During my time in New York City, I learned a lot about this concept, both in reaching back into our history as well as by opening my mind and heart to the brothers and sisters that exemplify this principle around me:

While I was riding the D train back to Harlem, a few brothers came on board around Jay Street selling